What notion can be known as critical thinking? In accordance with one of my popular texts, it can be considered as disciplined thinking ability, which is directed by evident intellectual standards. It includes analysis and identification of true claims and arguments, determination and negotiation of various prejudices, development of your personal arguments and reasons for the benefit of what you believe in, and acceptance of only rational choices with the basis on your beliefs. With this in mind, one can say that the process of critical thinking is not as easy as it may seem at first.
The majority of people consider clarity to be one of the most significant standards relevant to critical thoughts. Communication clarity is though out to be one of the constituents of the given procedure as well. All of us have to be clear by means of passing our beliefs, ideas, and the reasons for these ideas. Here, one should remember to pay a careful attention to the language used. For instance, when several people talk about morality issues, one of them can think about the issues of conventional morality, and the other one may consider some peculiar transcultural moral standards. Determining our notions may greatly assist us in the clarity quest. Clarity of ideas is significant too; it means that all people can clearly comprehend what they believe in and why they do that.
Preciseness includes hard work in order to get this or that issue under examination in front of our minds in an organized way. The method to complete the given task lies in asking such questions as: What is the situation at the given issue? Which answers can be possible here? What are the strong points and weak sides of every single answer?
Neatness is considered as an important trait without any doubts when it comes to critical thinking procedure. To approach the truth, those people who have the ability to think critically, always look for neat informational sources. All they need are pure facts, and they need it because there should be present a correct flow of information before they will have a possibility to analyze it and move ahead with some other critical thinking topics.
Pertinence means that all thoughts and information under discussion should be pertinent to the discussed issue in a logical way. A lot of political leaders and experts are really good at diverting us from this issue. For this reason, all people have always to be careful when listening to this or that information, especially when it is about a variety of diverse assertions and promises.
Logic nature is considered as a major aspect of critical thinking abilities. All our beliefs have to possess a kind of logical nature. We do not have to hold some contradictory beliefs. In case we witness that we do this, after that one or a couple of those beliefs are thought out to be wrong ones. As an example, it is quite probable that I will be able to contradict myself when saying that “Such phenomenon as racism will be immoral at all times” and “Moral conduct is completely relational.” By all means, we can witness here a kind of logical incompatibility. One can say that there exists one more form of logical incompatibility, known as practical incompatibility, which includes telling you believe in one thing but you prefer to do something completely different. As an example of critical thinking, if a person says that he or she that the family stands above the job in their lives, but when he or she tends to sacrifice their interests on behalf of their jobs, then they are practically inconsistent.
The final three standards are as follows: fairness, fullness, and logical rightness. Logical rightness means that one person is being engaged in right reasoning line from those things we believe in the given sphere to those conclusions, which result from those beliefs. Fullness means that people can be engaged in thorough and deep thinking procedure and the process of evaluation, getting rid of insipid and narrow criticism and thoughts. Fairness requires the necessity to be open-minded, unprejudiced and free from any preconceptions and biases that can pervert our thinking ability.
In comparison with any other set of skills or just one skill, being better at thinking critically demands from a person a lot of practice all the time. Anyone who wants to develop themselves in the give sphere may try to think by means of the given standards and use them in a newspaper publication or even several such publications, or in an online environment, personal beliefs, or even in some blog posts. When people act in this way, it may turn out to be helpful and, more often than not, a considerable exercise. At the same time, we should remember that the process of critical thinking for students plays an essential role as well.
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